The east most beginning of the Great Wall of China in Qinhuangdao coastal city. It is called Laolongtou in Chinese.
For our long treks to the Great Wall of China, we'll start from Laolongtou or Old Dragon's Head, which stretches 23 meters into the sea like a dragon drinking water, hence its name. This part of the Great Wall was built in the 7th year of Wanli reign in the Ming dynasty (1579). It was mended in the 7th year of Kangxi reign in the Qing dynasty (1668). Emperors Kangxi and Qianlong of the Qing Dynasty always stopped here for a visit on their way to Fengtian (Present-day Shenyang) to worship their ancestors. It makes the city even more worthy of its name. Emperor Qin (221-207 BC), the first emperor of China, sent people into the sea from here to look for a drug that would give him immortality. You can see the Great Wall as it zigzags over the rolling mountains like a giant dragon to the north. Looking to the south, you can see the sea's vast expanse stretching far to merge with the sky. At this moment, you feel as if you could embrace the whole world.
It consists of the Estuary Stone City, Jinglu Watchtower, Wangshou Watchtower, Nanhaikou Pass, Chenghai Tower, Ninghai City, and Binhai City.
The Chenghai Pavilion is the most celebrated architectural structure. It is a two-story building built with bricks and wood. Emperors in the Qing Dynasty (1644-1911), including Kangxi, Yongzheng, and Qianlong, once visited there on their way to Mukden (Shenyang City) to worship their ancestors left many poems and inscriptions. A plaque with four Chinese characters 'Yuan', 'Qi,' 'Hun,' and 'Mang,' and a pair of couplets written by Qianlong still hangs on the hall's lintel and columns. Poems from other famous literary figures are inscribed on the tablets which are embedded on the walls.
Reconstructed in 1988, the Nereus Temple is about 350 meters (0.2 miles) from the Laolongtou Great Wall. It consists of many archways, the Drum Tower, the Nereus Hall, the trestle bridge, and the Hall of the Goddess of Heaven; the Nereus Hall and the Hall of the Goddess of Heaven being the main structures of the temple. Inside the temple are sculptures of Nereus, Goddess of Heaven, Eight Immortals, and the Door Gods. A plaque inscribed by Qianlong hangs on the door lintel.
The Estuary Stone City was built by Qi Jiguang, a famous general of the Ming Dynasty. It is a city measuring about nine meters (30 feet) high and eight meters (26 feet) wide, which extends approximately 22 meters (72 feet) into the sea. The city is built on natural reefs and huge rocks thrown into the sea to act as foundations. It once served as a defense fortification designed to resist the aggression of the minorities.
Jinglu Beacon Tower was built in 1565. Following extensive reconstruction, the beacon tower stands about 15 meters (49 feet) high. The tower has three rooms connected by six-door openings and nine windows in all, making the rooms well ventilated. It functions as a defence system together with the Chenghai Pavilion, Nanhaikou (Southern Estuary) Pass.
The Ninghai City and the the Nanhaikou (Southern Estuary) Pass are also worth a visit. The Ninghai City was built in the Ming Dynasty. On the north and west city gates are two embrasured watchtowers guarding the South China Sea. The Nanhaikou (Southern Estuary) Pass is the No.1 Pass of the Ming Dynasty Great Wall according to the location order
Copyright © 2003-2021 Great Wall Adventure Club, USA & China - All Rights Reserved.