Hakka Earthen houses, or called Hakka Earth Building or Hakka Tulou in Chinese, represent a vernacular architecture specific to Jiangxi, Fujian, and Guangdong provinces following the flow of the Hakka people from central China to the south. The Hakka Earth Building of Fujian is found chiefly in Yongding, Nanjing, and Hua'an. It is praised as a magnificent architectural work of village houses in the world for its long history, unique style, smart structure, and grand scale.
There are round and square types of the Fujian Hakka Tulou. The round Tulou, also known as "Round Stockade," are the example of Hakka village houses. They are mostly composed of two to three circles linking to one another from within.
As most Hakka resided in the mountains, communal houses made of compacted earth were built to provide protection against bandits and wild animals. The Tulou is a well-protected fortress in storey shape for the self-defense of Hakka people against enemies. In addition to the cunning tricks of defense against the enemies, it has the functions of quakeproof, fire prevention, guarding against wild animals and good ventilation & lighting. The fantastic and spectacular Fujian Hakka Tulou demonstrates the great creativity of the working people of ancient China, and it has attracted more and more overseas visitors.
The older examples of this style of construction consist of interior buildings enclosed by huge peripheral ones holding hundreds of rooms and dwellers. With all the halls, storehouses, wells and bedrooms inside, the huge tower-like building functions almost as a small fortified city. Earthen houses are made of earth, stone, bamboo and wood, all readily available materials. After constructing the walls with rammed earth, branches, strips of wood and bamboo chips were laid in the wall as "bones" to reinforce it. The end result is a well-lit, well-ventilated, windproof, quakeproof building that is warm in winter and cool in summer.
The Fujian Hakka Tulou has fallen under the preparative list declared by China for "Directory of World Heritages". The buildings of Zhengcheng, Chengqi, Yijing and Er'yi are the typical representatives of Fujian Hakka Tulou, and on our tours you can get to see them up close and personal. You even be able to spend the night in them!
Xiamen, also called Amoy, a coastal city in Fujian is located one hour of driving distance from the Hakka earth buildings. Xiamen is a city of allure. The perfect mix of urban energy and laid-back vibes, according to CNN Travel. To tour the Hakka earth building, you'll first arrive in Xiamen. We have English-speaking guides for you from Xiamen.
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